Like humans, Dogs are also at risk for hookworms, which collect on the intestinal walls. If they are found in pet feces, they can also transfer to pet owners. This most often happens if you accidentally step in your dog’s feces.
Rats are known to carry many diseases, including the plague bacteria. The bubonic plague may have been caused by rat infestations. Sometimes cats can get plague from rats and pass it along to humans, but this is rare. Be careful handling any rats your cat may bring you, just in case!
Pet birds are known to carry certain diseases. Psittacosis is an extremely rare disease carried by birds like parakeets. Although there are only around 50 American cases a year, the serious illness can be difficult to treat, resulting in pneumonia.
Amphibians are often carrying the Salmonella bacteria. That’s why you should always wash your hands after handling snakes, reptiles, turtles, frogs and salamanders. And definitely do not kiss the animals, cute as they may be!
Dogs and other house pets can pass ringworm to humans. Ringworm spores are known for being able to survive for months without a host. That’s why it is so easy for dogs to contract ringworm spores and then pass them to humans.
Roundworms are the most common internal parasite in cats. These long, spaghetti-like worms can also infect humans, especially children. If they are untreated, they can lead to blindness. There are around 10,000 infections annually in people.
Cats who roam outside can get a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. Usually cats fight off the infections before they can be contagious. However, occasionally cats shed egg forms of the parasite in their litter, which is why doctors caution pregnant women — especially those with compromised immune systems — about not changing the cat’s litter while expecting.
#2 Cat Scratch Fever
Around 40 percent of cats have the bartonella germ at some point during their lives. The germs are present in cats’ claws, which then infect humans through a scratch. Keeping your cat’s nails trimmed will help prevent the disease.
Rabies is now rare in the United States. However, since rabies is fatal to pets and animals, and can also be fatal to humans, it is essential to seek treatment immediately if exposed. Focusing on rabies prevention by keeping your pets vaccinated is the best way to stay healthy.